Tataviam had patrilineal, patrilocal, and exogamous lineages with various lineages that intermarried for strategic economic and political ends and formed a loose coalition of social, economic, and ceremonial cooperation.. Language did not determine political or national organization, nor marriage patterns, or ceremonial exclusivity, or right to territory or political organization or political leadership. The ties extended not only to other lineages of the same linguistic group, but also to other lineages in the region, where social, ceremonial and associated economic exchanges and gift giving were essential ways to maintain access to regional foods and materials.
A variety of “Capitans or Chiefs” or leadership titles were used throughout the region. Certain names were titles of esteem, honor, and influence given to people of certain ancestry and persons possessing great knowledge of history, culture, ceremonies. Sometimes Americans acknowledged that leaders were “great wizzards.” The name Chari [or Taari] was used among leaders of the Tataviam and their sons. “The kika, nu and chari can perhaps be identified with alcaldes, and tcaka with translators or other social positions.” Among the Fort Tejon Indians (some of whom were Fernandeños and who had family and social ties to ancestors of the Fernandeño Tataviam) an important leader was named Taari.
The title-name of Tomiear (Tomiar) was used among the Kitanemuk, Tataviam and Gabrielino and is presently used among the Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians. The title of Tomiar (Tomiear) was equated with capitan, the Spanish term for a lineage headman. Among the Band’s lineages at Cahuenga and Siutcabit, some capitan were called Chari. At the Tataviam village of Tochonanga, the expressions of Mu, Nu, and Nuguit were leader titles, while the people at Chaguayanga employed the title Genu. At Tujunga, the names Nu and Cunu were chiefly titles.
The Mission of San Fernando and Bureau of Indians Affairs recorded tribal Capitans of the Fernandeño Tataviam Band of Mission Indians circa 1800s.
|Jose Vicente||Achois Comihanga|
|Tubacumanicua (Juan Jose)||Cacuycuyjavit|
|Sewyeuyeminasu (Jose Maria)||Tochonanga|